How does our language policy promote practice of federalism in India?
Federalism in India is practised by the creation of linguistic states ,language policy and centre state relations. Linguistic states:- in 1947 ,the boundaries of several old states were changed in order to create new states . This was done to ensure that people who spoke the same language lived in the same state .
What are the factors that have strengthened Indian federalism?
(i) Linguistic States: After independence, the boundaries of several old states were changed in order to create new states. The creation of linguistic states was the first and a major test for democratic politics in our country. (ii) Language Policy: The second test for the Indian federation is the language policy.
What is the language policy of Indian federation?
government. – Some key features of the language policy of Indian Federation are treating every language equal so conflicts can be avoided, under equal treatment for all languages, upliftment and promotion of the languages, under equal treatment for all languages.
Why language policy was a test for Indian federation?
Language policy: A second test for Indian federation is the language policy. Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language. Hindi was identified as the official language. … Besides Hindi, there are 21 other languages recognised as Scheduled Languages by the Constitution.
What is the language policy of India and how is it different from language policy of Sri Lanka?
2 Answers. (i) Sri Lanka believes in majoritarianism whereas in India equal rights are given to minorities. (ii) In Sri Lanka, Sinhala is the only official language, whereas in India though Hindi is the official language but along with Hindi, 21 other languages have been recognised as Scheduled Languages.
What is the language policy of India How much importance does it get?
Language policy of India:Our Constitution did not give the status of national language to any one language. Hindi was identified as the official language. But Hindi is the mother tongue of only about 40 per cent of Indians. Therefore, there were many safeguards to protect other languages.
What policies has strengthened federalism?
Different policies that strengthened the federalism in the country are the creation of linguistic state as a major test of Indian democracy. The second was the language policy where no specific language is considered as the national language. Center state relations is the another example of federalism in the country.
How does the language policy in India help avoid the situation that Sri Lanka is in today?
The Central government decided to continue the use of English alongwith Hindi for official purposes. Hindi is not imposed on states where people speak a different language. The flexibility shown by Indian political leaders helped our country avoid the kind of situation that Shri Lanka finds itself in.
What makes India a federal government?
As per the Indian constitution, the nation follows a three-fold distribution of legislative powers. The distribution of powers between the union and state governments is what makes India a federal country. … The union government holds the powers to make laws on the regions mentioned in the union list.
How has the language policy of the Indian government led to harmony in the country?
Hindi was identified as the official language. But Hindi is the mother tongue of only about 40 percent of Indians. Therefore, there were many safeguards to protect other languages. … The Central Government responded by agreeing to continue the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes.
How has the linguistic policy of Indian government promoted peace and integration?
Answer:our country is sa multilingual country with diverse languages spoken. this reduces the possibility of fight on the basis of languages. this is how the linguistic policy of indian govt promoted peace and integration in the country.
What are the features of India’s language policy?
Hindi is an official language but 21 other languages are recognised as scheduled languages in the Indian Constitution. 2. Every state is free to promote its language and culture. Any candidate sitting for an exam of Central Government can write in any of the prescribed languages.