Why does India oppose CTBT and NPT?
India has opposed international treaties aimed at non-proliferation because they were selectively applicable to the non-nuclear powers and legitimised the monopoly of five nuclear powers. Thus, India opposed NPT in 1995 and refused to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
Is CTBT signed by India?
Although India initially participated in negotiating the CTBT, it subsequently walked out of the negotiations and has never signed the treaty.
When did India sign CTBT?
India, along with Bhutan and Libya voted against the resolution, while five countries abstained. However, with 158 countries voting in favour of it, the resolution on the CTBT was adopted on September 10, 1996.
Why CTBT is discriminatory?
CTBT was therefore discussed in great detail at the United Nations Conference on Disarmament. The idea was to stop underground nuclear tests by all states. But the key feature which is discriminatory was that the nuclear weapons states would be allowed to maintain their existing arsenals.
When was CTBT signed?
The Treaty was opened for signature in September 1996.
The following Article XIV states have ratified the treaty:
|Chile||Colombia||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
Who has signed the CTBT?
Of the 44 States included in Annex 2 required for entry into force of the CTBT, all have signed with the exceptions of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), India, and Pakistan. Five of the 44 Annex 2 States have signed but not ratified the CTBT; they are China, Egypt, Iran, Israel, and the United States.
What is India’s stand on CTBT?
India’s stand on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) too is a principled one. India has declared that it would be unable to sign and ratify the CTBT in its present discriminatory form. However, India has pledged to continue with its voluntary and unilateral moratorium on further nuclear testing.
Which country did not sign the CTBT?
Five of the 44 Annex 2 States have signed but not ratified the CTBT; they are China, Egypt, Iran, Israel, and the United States. The United States and China are the only remaining NPT Nuclear Weapon States that have not ratified the CTBT.
When did CTBT sign Pakistan?
The CTBT will formally enter into force after 44 designated “nuclear-capable states” (as listed in Annex 2 of the treaty) have deposited their instruments of ratification with the UN secretary-general.
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Why was the CTBT created?
Why is the CTBT so important? The CTBT is the last barrier on the way to develop nuclear weapons. It curbs the development of new nuclear weapons and the improvement of existing nuclear weapon designs. When the Treaty enters into force it provides a legally binding norm against nuclear testing.