Frequent question: How many types of plants spices are found in India?

How many types of plants are there in India?

Nature has endowed India with a rich biological diversity, which includes over 40,000 species of plants and 75000 species of animals. India has about 12% of the global plant wealth amongst which there are nearly 3,000 tree species. There are around 15,000 flowering plant species in India.

Which plants give us spices?

Seeds, such as fennel, mustard, nutmeg, and black pepper. Arils, such as mace (part of nutmeg plant fruit). Roots and rhizomes, such as turmeric, ginger and galingale.

What are the 7 Indian spices?

7 Essential Spices for Indian Cooking

  • Saffron. As Indian cooking spices go, saffron is one that isn’t quite common, but is certainly a necessity for certain dishes. …
  • Turmeric. …
  • Cumin. …
  • Nutmeg. …
  • Red Chili Powder. …
  • Coriander. …
  • Cardamom.

What are the 5 main Indian spices?

The Essential Five Spices are:

  • Cumin seeds.
  • Coriander seeds.
  • Black mustard seeds.
  • Cayenne pepper.
  • Turmeric.

Is Onion a spice?

Allium cepa, commonly known as onion, is a worldwide culinary and therapeutic spice belonging to the family Liliaceae. Onion is an essential ingredient in many African sauces and is mostly produced locally, with Egypt being the first producer in the continent.

Which country is famous for spices?

India, known as the home of spices, boast a long history of trading with the ancient civilisations of Rome and China. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world.

THIS IS FUN:  Your question: What is Indian CA equivalent in Canada?

Who is queen of spices?

Cardamom or Elettaria Cardamomum Maton is one of the most highly prized and exotic spices and rightly deserves the name “queen of spices”. It is also commonly referred to as the “green cardamom” or the “true cardamom”, and belongs to the family of ginger.