Why do farmers in India depend on monsoon rainfall?

Why is monsoon rainfall important for farmers?

The monsoon is critical for agriculture in the country since nearly 60% of India’s net arable land lacks irrigation. The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of several grains and pulses, including rice, wheat, and sugarcane. … It is also crucial to keep up the rural demand.

Why monsoon rain is important for agriculture in India?

The South-West monsoon is considered vital for the cultivation of Kharif crops, which are heavily dependent on rain as the quantity of rainfall determines the production numbers in the case of these crops. The delay of monsoon is not considered unusual.

Why is rain important to farmers?

The amount of rainfall is sufficient to cover the water needs of the various crops. Excess water may cause problems for plant growth and thus drainage is required. 2. … The amount of rainfall is important but often not sufficient to cover the water needs of the crops.

How do monsoons help farmers?

A predictable monsoon that arrives on time in early June and rains steadily means a good harvest, and a good year economically for both the region and the farmers who depend on their annual crop to survive. … “We need the monsoon, without it we can’t survive, but the problem is excessive rainfall.”

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Which type of farming depends upon monsoon?

Primitive subsistence agriculture is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family/ community labour. This type of farming depends upon monsoon, natural fertility of the soil and suitability of other environmental conditions to the crops grown.

What role does monsoon play in agricultural production?

The agriculture of India is dependent on the rainfall brought by the seasonal monsoon winds. … The monsoon bring adequate rainfall here in India which helps the crops to grow well and helps in increase in the production of the crops .

Why does rainfall in India become important to the country’s economy?

The monsoon delivers about 70% of India’s annual rainfall and determines the yield of rice, wheat, sugarcane and oilseeds, such as soybeans. … Monsoon rains replenish reservoirs and groundwater, allowing better irrigation and more hydropower output.

How does rainfall affect farmers?

Excessive rainfall can affect crop productivity in various ways, including direct physical damage, delayed planting and harvesting, restricted root growth, oxygen deficiency and nutrient loss, the researchers said.

What type of rain is important to farmers in India?

The southwest monsoon irrigates over 50% of India’s farmlands. India gets around 70 percent of its annual rainfall during the monsoon season, which also affects the yield of some key kharif or summer crops like rice, pulses and oilseeds such as soybeans.