Why did India want independence from Britain?
India wanted independence due to the economic exploitation of the country by its colonial master, Great Britain.
Who is the main reason for Indian independence?
One of the greatest myths, first propagated by the Indian Congress Party in 1947 upon receiving the transfer of power from the British, and then by court historians, is that India received its independence as a result of Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violence movement.
Why was India so important to the British?
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. … They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power. Indian troops helped the British control their empire, and they played a key role in fighting for Britain right up to the 20th century.
What happened after India gained independence from Britain?
When British rule came to an end in 1947, the subcontinent was partitioned along religious lines into two separate countries—India, with a majority of Hindus, and Pakistan, with a majority of Muslims.
Why did Gandhi want independence for India?
Despite his differences with Britain, Gandhi actually supported the recruitment of Indian soldiers to help the British war effort. He believed that Britain would return the favor by granting independence to India after the war.
How did India get freedom?
On August 15, 1947, India got its freedom, ending an almost 200-year British rule. The Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons on July 4, 1947, and passed within a fortnight. … After that, India became a free country with the bifurcation of India and Pakistan.
Did India gain independence peacefully?
Tensions continued to grow after this, as the British Empire (also known as The Raj) spent tax money on protecting their own interests over helping the people of India, many of whom lived in poverty. This time, however, the independence movement acted peacefully, participating in acts of civil disobedience.