When did reservation start in India?
But the prevailing reservation system in today’s India was introduced in 1933 by British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald in the form of the ‘Communal Award. Under the provisions of the communal award, there were separate electorates for Europeans, Anglo-Indians, Indian Christians, Muslims, Sikhs, and the Dalits.
When did SC ST reservation start in India?
In 1935, Parliament passed the Government of India Act 1935, designed to give Indian provinces greater self-rule and set up a national federal structure. The reservation of seats for the Depressed Classes was incorporated into the act, which came into force in 1937.
When did OBC reservation start in India?
Thus, the recommendation of reservations for OBCs in central government services was finally implemented in 1992. However, as reported by the Times of India on 26 December 2015, only 12 per cent of the employees under central government ministries and statutory bodies are members of the Other Backward Classes.
When was scheduled caste first defined in India?
Only members of marginalised communities practising Hinduism can be deemed Scheduled Castes, according to The Constitution Scheduled Castes Order, 1950, which released the first list of Scheduled Castes.
Who introduced caste reservation in India?
The British Raj introduced elements of reservation in the Government of India Act of 1909 and there were many other measures put in place prior to independence.
Who brought 69% reservation in Tamilnadu?
In 1990, the DMK government under Karunanidhi then divided reservation for SC and ST based on the decision of the Madras High Court. The 1% quota for STs brought the total reservation rate in Tamil Nadu to 69 percent.
What are the 3 types of reservation?
Guaranteed reservation. Non –guaranteed reservation.
Which caste is highest in India?
Brahmins are at the top of the four Hindu castes, consisting of clergy and intellectuals. Suppose we consider the Vedic documents.
What is the Article 340?
Article 340 of the Constitution of India provides for the appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions for the improvement of backward classes.