When did Alexander leave India?
It was in September 325 B.C. that Alexander left with a part of his army by land route from a place near modern Karachi on his homeward journey. Another part of the army was sent in ships under the command of Nearchus. The retreat of Alexander was tragic in many way.
Why did Porus lose to Alexander?
Motives. Alexander had to subdue King Porus in order to keep marching east. To leave such a strong opponent at his flanks would have endangered any further exploits. Alexander could not afford to show any weakness if he wanted to keep the loyalty of the already subdued Indian princes.
Why is Alexander called Sikander?
He is known as Sikandar in Urdu and Hindi, a term also used as a synonym for “expert” or “extremely skilled”. Explanation: Sikandar is the Persian rendition of the name Alexander. When the Greek emperor Alexander the Great conquered Persia, the Persians called him Sikandar, meaning “defender” or “warrior”.
Who invaded India first?
The first group to invade India were the Aryans, who came out of the north in about 1500 BC. The Aryans brought with them strong cultural traditions that, miraculously, still remain in force today. They spoke and wrote in a language called Sanskrit, which was later used in the first documentation of the Vedas.
Did chanakya stop Alexander?
Chanakya was a teacher of war strategies. He wrote down everything he had studied about war and war techniques in the Arthashastra and Chanakya Niti. Using his war strategies and secrets ,he defeated Alexander the Great.
Who betrayed Porus?
Alexander advanced to the river Jhelum in 326 B.C. and met the armies of Porus on the other bank. Porus stood alone with his two sons and an army of 50,000 soldiers against the mightiest hero of the world. Porus had been betrayed by the Raja of Abhisara, Kashmir and Takshila.